In 1974, National Council for the Social Studies established the Carter G. Woodson Book Award for the most distinguished social science books appropriate for young readers that depict ethnicity in the United States. The purpose of this award is to encourage the writing, publishing, and dissemination of outstanding social science books for young readers that treat topics related to ethnic minorities and relations sensitively and accurately.
Carter G. Woodson was a distinguished African American historian and educator who wrote books for adults and young people. Dr. Woodson received his Ph.D. in history from Harvard University, and wrote many black history books as well as the seminal volume on education, Miseducation of the Negro. He founded the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History. In 1926, Woodson originated "Negro History Week," which was observed each year during the second week in February because this week included the birthdays of Abraham Lincoln and Fredrick Douglas. "Negro History Week" became "Black History Month."